What is SSL?

SSL (Secure Sockets Layer), a standard security technology for establishing an encrypted link between internet browsers and websites allows you to transmit private data online. This link ensures visitors that all the data passed between the user’s web browsers and web server remain private and integral. In simple terms, SSL provides a secure encrypted connection between the two machines operating online over the inherently insecure internet.

The SSL allows sensitive information such as credit card information, account details, passwords, social security numbers, and any other login credentials to be transmitted securely. Today, millions of e-commerce companies are using the SSL protocol to protect online transactions or confidential information with their customers. The SSL secured websites begin with https rather than http.

Being able to create an SSL secured connection, a web server requires an SSL Certificate. To activate SSL on your web server, you need to complete a number of questions about the identity of your company and your website. Then your web server creates two cryptographic keys: a private key and a public key. These keys work together to establish an encrypted connection. The Certification Authority will validate your details during the SSL Certificate application process and issue an SSL Certificate containing your valid details allowing you to use SSL.

Typically, an SSL Certificate will contain your domain name, company name, your address, city, state, your country, Certificate expiration date, and the details of the Certification Authority which is responsible for the issuance of the certificate.


Benefits of using SSL Certificate On Websites

Why SSL is so important? and What is the purpose of using SSL Certificates? The SSL Certificates allow you to; organize coding of the information being transferred, confirm authenticity of the website and its owner, and assure data protection against substitution of the data in the process of their networked transfer.

SSL encrypts sensitive information. More and more customers are now becoming online shoppers and reward the brands that they trust with increased businesses. And the growth of today’s modern e-commerce companies has also attracted fraudsters and cyber criminals who are always ready to steal consumers’ bank account details. Unless the connection between a web server and internet browser is secured & encrypted, any moderately professionally skilled hacker can easily intercept and read the traffic.

An SSL Certificate is needed to communicate with your website in a secure and private way. A trusted environment is one of the most important components of doing online businesses, where potential customers feel confident while making their purchases. To help visitors know whether their connection is secured or not, browsers give visual cues like a lock icon or a green bar.

Companies must use SSL certificates to protect the most sensitive data of their customers. The customers now want to know that you value their security and you are serious about protecting their personal information. An SSL certificate is not only important for any monetary transactions, but also for different types of user accounts and private access systems.

The SSL establishes trust. Proper use of SSL certificates will improve your clients’ credibility and ensure considerable increase in the clients’ confidence level and sell more.


Top 5 Companies Who Provides SSL Certificates

There are so many companies who provide SSL Certificates. The following are the 2016 top ranked SSL Certificate providers in the industry:

  • Godaddy
  • Comodo
  • SSL.com
  • DigiCert
  • Symantec


What is Let’s Encrypt?

Let’s Encrypt – the first major initiative of the non-profit Internet Security Research Group (ISRG) – aims to make it possible to set up an HTTPS server and have it automatically obtain a browser-trusted certificate, without any human intervention. In order to enable HTTPS (SSL/TLS) for websites, it gives people the digital certificates for free in the most user-friendly way it can. However, it wants to create a more secure and privacy-respecting Web and runs for public’s benefits.

The key principles behind Let’s Encrypt are; Free, Automated, Secure, Reliable, Transparent, Open, and Cooperative.


Internet Security Research Group (ISRG)

ISRS, a California public benefit corporation focuses on Internet Security and recognized by the IRS as a tax-exempt organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. The mission of this non-profit organization is to reduce monetary, technological, and education to provide secure communication to the users over the internet. It is sponsored by a diverse group of organizations, from non-profits to Fortune 100 companies.